• BALI SILVER beads
    are silver beads made of .925 sterling silver by balinese silver crafters.


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  • BANGLE

    is a stiff bracelet that slides over the hand to put it on.
    A "flexible bangle" is one which opens flat and is stiff when closed.
    Bangles may be completely solid or open at the ends which pass each other, creating a cuff style bracelet (also sometimes called a bangle).
    This style bracelet often twists on from the side of the wrist.
    It is very common to see people wearing several bangle bracelets together.



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  • BAR (GLASS)

    is a single piece of glass formed by fusing several canes or rods.
    A bar can be cut into numerous slices, all with the same design, to be used as inlays or appliqués, or in making mosaic glass.


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  • BAROQUE BEAD

    is an irregular shaped stone, pearl or glass bead.


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  • BAROQUE PEARLS

    are irregularly-shaped pearls. Baroque pearls can be natural or artificial.

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  • BARREL CLASP

    is a clasp made of two parts, shaped like two halves of a miniature barrel that screw into each other.
    Not so good for bracelets, but fine for necklaces and anklets.


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  • BASE METAL

    is a common name for any non-precious metal e.g. copper, zinc, nickel, brass.


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  • BATCH

    is a mixture of raw materials (often silica, soda or potash, and lime) that is melted in a pot or tank to make glass. Cullet is added to help the melting process.




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  • BEADALON

    is a proprietary name for what is considered to be the premier stringing material.

    A strong, thin, flexible, pliable, nylon coated stainless steel wire (available in 3 styles: 7, 19 or 49 strands).

    It combines the soft, supple feel of thread with the strength and longevity of stainless steel.

    The more strands there are the more flexible the wire - 49 strand is more flexible than 19 strand &  19 strand is more flexible than 7 strand.

    The smooth nylon coating provides excellent abrasion resistance, prevents kinking, prolongs life, and provides color.

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  • BEAD CAPS

    are decorative findings used to top off the end of a bead and hide the hole.


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  • BEAD COLORATION

    ome of the common bead coloration and/or surface finishes :

    - opaque -
    no light can pass through. Examples: pearls, turquoise, hematite, lapis, malachite

    - transparent -
    light can pass through it

    - translucent -
    somewhat clear, allows partial transmission of light through it. Examples: crystal, ruby, sapphire, emerald

    - ceylon -
    translucent beads with a luster finish

    - iris -
    an iridescent coating, usually on dark, opaque beads

    - ghost -
    translucent matte beads with an AB coating

    - matte -
    not shiny beads. Achieved by tumbling beads or dipping in a glass etching solution (frosted beads)

    - luster -
    a uniform,sparkling, shiny metallic effect on the surface of a transparent, translucent or opaque glass beads (fired onto the bead)

    - color lined -
    beads with a colored core inside a transparent glass casing

    - metallic -
    bead surface has a fired metal like finish which adds shine to the bead

    - aurora borealis -
    a rainbow-like multicolored surface which has been fired onto the bead




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  • BEADING

    Is the process of working with beads to create an ornament or object.


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  • BEAD KNITTING

    is a beading technique that combines beads with the yarn.
    In this method beads are pre-strung onto the yarn and are knitted into fabric on certain rows at regular intervals between stitches.
    The finishing result is a beautiful combination of beads and thread with a supple feel.



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  • BEAD LOOM

    is a frame used in weaving beads onto thread.

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  • BEADS

    are small, often round pieces of material, each with a hole through it for stringing.
    Beads are made of glass, stones, wood, metal, plastics, seeds, and ceramics.
    In the stone age beads were worn as trophies, the indicators of victorious hunts.
    Since the ancient past beads were used as amulets for protection from enemies in battle and to ward off various ailments and bad luck.
    Beads were also used as medium of exchange or payment.
    Throughout the history of our planet beads made out of different stones were believed to possess various, unique powers.
    As civilizations developed, the function of beads and amulets evolved from the realm of mysticism to one of ornamentation or a combination of the two.


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  • BEAD SETTING

    is a method of setting stones even with the surface of a metal by raising beads from the metal itself.
    The beads act as prongs to secure the stones.


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  • BEAD TIPS

    are tiny metal finding used to close up and hide string knots. Also called 'knot covers.'
    There are 2 types: cup-shaped and clamshell.
    Both have an open hook at the top for attaching jump rings and clasps, and a hole at the bottom through which the jewellery cord is threaded and knot.



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  • BEADWORK

    is the craft of making things with beads.


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  • BELLE EPOQUE JEWELLERY

    is a jewellery style (1895-1910) exemplified by delicate, lace-like jewellery, often set with diamonds and pearls.

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  • BEZEL

    is the part of a cut stone that protrudes above the edge of a setting.
    The bezel is also known as the crown.


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  • BEZEL SETTING

    is a way of setting a stone in which the stone is held by a band of metal around the outside of the stone.


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  • BIRTHSTONE

    is a gemstone designated by custom, religious tradition, and astrology as being related to a particular planet and to the particular month, and customarily worn by persons born during that month.

    As birthstones have their roots in ancient astrology, there have been many birthstone lists used over the years.

    There are almost as many opinions and theories as there are authorities when it comes to assignation of jewels and precious stones in astrology, but the following list expresses more or less a consensus in the West:


    • JANUARY - GARNET/ ROSE QUARTZ


    • FEBRUARY - AMETHYST/ ONYX


    • MARCH - AQUAMARINE/BLOOD JASPIS


    • APRIL - DIAMOND/ ROCK CRYSTAL


    • MAY - EMERALD/ CHRYSOPR ASE


    • JUNE - PEARL/ MOONSTONE


    • JULY - RUBY/CARNELIAN


    • AUGUST - PERIDOT/AVENTURINE


    • SEPTEMBER - SAPPHIRE/ LAPIS LAZULI


    • OCTOBER - OPAL/ TOURMALINE


    • NOVEMBER - TOPAZ/ CITRINE, TIJGER EYE


    • DECEMBER - TURQUOISE/ ZIRCON


    in the Eastern cultures gems are used for centuries to avert the negative influence of various planets or to increase their positive effects.

    The use of gems and information on their metaphysical properties has even been mentioned in the ancient Vedic literature.

    It is said that every human body is made up of different elements, various chemicals and minerals, each having different vibrations.

    These elements, minerals and chemicals act according to the color and cosmic vibrations of various planets and give a different effect for different persons depending on their body constitution and the Planet's different wave lengths.

    Unlike the Western astrology system, which is based upon the relative positions of Sun and Earth, Vedic astrology is calculated according to the fixed positions of stellar constellations beyond the Sun and The Earth.

    BIRTHSTONES ACCORDING TO VEDIC ASTROLOGY:


    ZODIAC SIGN - ARIES
    BIRTHSTONE - Red Coral
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Corundum, Jasper Bloodstone, Carnelian, Pink Coral
    RULING PLANET - Mars


    ZODIAC SIGN - TAURUS
    BIRTHSTONE - Diamond
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - White (clear) Sapphire, White Topaz, Clear Zirconium, Quartz
    RULING PLANET - Venus


    ZODIAC SIGN - GEMINI
    BIRTHSTONE - Emerald
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Aquamarine, Green Jade, Peridot, Green Zircon
    RULING PLANET - Mercury


    ZODIAC SIGN - CANCER
    BIRTHSTONE - White Pearl
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Moonstone
    RULING PLANET - Moon


    ZODIAC SIGN - LEO
    BIRTHSTONE - Ruby
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Red Spinel, Red Garnet, Red Zircon, Bloodstone
    RULING PLANET - Sun


    ZODIAC SIGN - VIRGO
    BIRTHSTONE - Emerald
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Green Jade, Peridot,  Green Zircon
    RULING PLANET - Mercury


    ZODIAC SIGN - LIBRA
    BIRTHSTONE - Diamond
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - White Topaz, Clear Zircon, Quartz, Clear Sapphire
    RULING PLANET - Venus


    ZODIAC SIGN -SCORPIO
    BIRTHSTONE - Red Coral
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Jasper, Bloodstone, Carnelian, Pink Coral
    RULING PLANET - Mars


    ZODIAC SIGN - SAGITARIUS
    BIRTHSTONE - Yellow Sapphire
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Yellow Topaz, Citrine
    RULING PLANET - Jupiter


    ZODIAC SIGN - CAPRICORN
    BIRTHSTONE -Blue Sapphire, Indicolite
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Lapis Lazuli, Amethyst
    RULING PLANET - Saturn


    ZODIAC SIGN - AQUARIUS
    BIRTHSTONE - Blue Sapphire, Indicolite
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Lapis Lazuli, Amethyst
    RULING PLANET - Saturn


    ZODIAC SIGN - PISCES
    BIRTHSTONE - Yellow Sapphire
    SECONDARY BIRTHSTONES - Yellow Topaz, Citrine
    RULING PLANET - Jupiter

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  • BIWA PEARL

    are freshwater pearls from Lake Biwa in Japan.
    These irregularly-shaped pearls are smoother and more lustrous than most other freshwater pearls.

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  • BLACK PEARLS




    are dark-colored pearls, produced by the large, black-lipped pearl oyster - Pinctada margaritifera (also called the Tahitian black pearl oyster), and found in the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean.
    Black pearls come in many colors, including gray (light gray to almost black), peacock green (especially valuable), aubergine (eggplant), and deep brown.
    The color is determined by the minerals in the oyster's diet (plankton) and in its environment.
    Many "black pearls" are dyed or irradiated to enhance or change their color; it is difficult to tell a natural pearl from a treated pearl.

    The most sought-after color is peacock green and darker colors are more valuable then the lighter ones.

    Overtone colors include blue, pink, gold, silver, aubergine, and peacock green.


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  • BLISTER PEARL




    is a pearl that developed attached to the inside of a shell.
    This type of pearl must be cut off the shell, and is therefore hemispherical.
    Because of their shape, blister pearls are mostly used for settings.

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  • BLOODSTONE

    a.k.a. Heliotrope



    is an inexpensive variety of chalcedony that is dark green with bright red spots (caused by iron oxide) which resemble drops of blood and so inspired its name.
    Bloodstone is porous and relatively soft.

    It was greatly prized in the Middle Ages, as the spots were thought to be the blood of Jesus Christ.


    Alleged metaphysical properties
    Bloodstone is a powerful healing stone of renewal.

    Crystal healers today hold that bloodstone revitalizes and enhances both body and mind; relieves stomach and bowel pain, strengthens blood-purifying
    organs and improves blood circulation.


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  • BLOWING GLASS

    is a technique of forming an object by inflating a lump of molten glass gathered on the end of a blowpipe.
    The artist blows through the tube, slightly inflating the glass, which is then manipulated into the required form by swinging it,
    rolling it on a mandrel, or shaping it with tools or in a mould; it is then inflated to the desired size.

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  • BLOWPIPE

    is an iron or steel tube, usually about five feet long, for blowing glass.
    Blowpipes have a mouthpiece at one end and are usually fitted at the other end with a metal ring that helps to retain a gather.


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  • BLUE LACE AGATE





    is a variety of crypto-crystalline quartz, with pale blue and white striped bands in a lacy or wavy pattern.

    Blue lace agate has a Mohs hardness of 6.5 - 7.0.
    Major source of blue lace agate is in the Kalahari Desert of Namibia.

    Alleged metaphysical properties Blue lace agate is said to be a powerful stone used throughout history to guard against dangers and strengthen the will and the heart. See agate


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  • BONE BEADS

    are beads carved from bone and worn traditionally to express strength and power.


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  • BRACELET

    is a rigid or flexible ornament worn around the wrist or arm.


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  • BRASS


    is a yellow colored, unplated and unlacquered raw metal. Formulas with varying proportions of copper and zinc are alloyed together to achieve different properties of metal.


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  • BRICK STITCH

    a.k.a. Comanche Stitch

    Is a bead weaving stitch made with seed beads which looks like bricks stacked on top of each other. Often used in triangular fringed earrings.


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  • BRILLIANT CUT

    Brilliant cut stones have 56 facets, 32 facets are above the girdle, 24 are below.
    Most modern-day diamonds are brilliant cut since it maximizes the amount of reflected light from the stone (its natural fire).
    The brilliant cut was introduced in the 1600's.


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  • BROOCH

    is an ornamental clasp of various forms having a pin or loop by which is attached to a garment


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  • BRUSHED FINISH

    on a metal's surface is made by rubbing a stiff metal brush across the surface of jewellery, slightly reducing the metal's reflectivity.


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  • BUGLE BEAD


    are long, thin, tubular shaped glass bead, made from the same glass cane as seed beads but are cut into larger lengths; manufactured in lengths from 2 millimeters to 35millimeters; sometimes twisted.


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  • BULLION

    Wire worked over a thread or other core material, or tightly coiled into "springs".


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