is a very hard crystalline family of minerals (composed of silica) that come in many forms.

    Those include amethyst, aventurine, citrine, agate, chalcedony, chert, flint, opal, rock crystal, tiger's eye, rose quartz, and many others.

    It occurs in crystals of the hexagonal system, commonly having the form of a six-sided prism terminating in a six-sided pyramid.

    Quartz may be transparent, translucent, or opaque; it may be colorless or colored

    Varieties are classified as macrocrystalline (crystals recognizable with the naked eye) and cryptocrystalline (crystals too small to see with a microscope.

    Crystalline varieties include rock crystal, rose quartz; yellow quartz, smoky quartz, rutilated quartz; snow quartz, aventurine quartz, tiger eye, amethyst, and citrine.

    Varieties of cryptocrystalline quartz are chalcedony, agate, jasper, flint, hornstone, chert, carnelian, sard, chrysoprase, green prase, onyx, sardonyx and bloodstone.

    Classic quartzes are sand and sandstone.

    Many different minerals can form as inclusions within quartz. One of the most important varieties of included quartz for gem use is rutilated quartz.
    Rutilated quartz and tourmalinated quartz have needle-like inclusions of other minerals.
    Rutilated quartz usually occurs as rutilated rock crystal, rutilated smoky quartz or rutilated milky quartz.
    Rutilated quartz has been referred to as Venus hair stone, Cupid's darts and Fleches d'amour.

    The gem varieties of quartz have been used as gemstones and other ornamental objects for thousands of years.

    Due to its piezoelectric properties, quartz is used as a radio oscillator to control transmission and reception on fixed frequencies.
    This same property is utilized in watches and clocks where a tiny quartz plate is used to control precisely the radio frequency of the electronic circuitry, thus telling the exact time.

    Quartz is used today in the manufacture of abrasives, concrete, cements, porcelain, paints and glass.
    It is also made into lenses and prisms for optical instruments and used as a chemical raw ingredient in the manufacture of numerous industrial materials.

    Quartz has a hardness of 7.0. This common mineral is found worldwide; the important quartz deposits are in Brazil, Madagascar, Namibia, Canada, USA, and
    the French and Swiss Alps, known for their magnificent large crystals.

    Alleged metaphysical properties

    Among crystal healers quartz is known as the basic and most important "Energy Crystal".

    Quartz has 7 primary qualities. It can receive, structure, amplify, store, focus, transmit and transform energy, including thoughts and information. 

    Quartz is said to be the universal healing stone, it clarifies what needs to be healed or balanced and assist in the transformation.

    The use of quartz dates back thousands of years. Polished rock crystal spheres or crystal balls were used as a means of divination or scrying in medieval times.

    For thousands of years before this,in many ancient cultures, quartz crystals and objects made from them were used for divination, disease diagnosis and for awareness of current events in distant places.

    The practice of burying crystal with the dead has been popular with many cultures over time and still is by some Native Americans.
    These cultures believe the spirit of the dead lives on in the crystal.

    In general, this crystal is reputed to promote happiness and optimism while awakening us to the beauty of life.
    A powerful healer, it is believed to enhance the life force, insight and understanding of problems. dispel negativity, and release emotional blocks.

    Quartz is also believed to enhance channeling powers and inspire communication with the higher self and spirit guides.

    However, each variety of quartz has its own metaphysical characteristics and properties.

    Rock crystal
    is considered to be the most useful and versatile crystal for metaphysical purposes, usable in both its rough form and in a variety of sculpted items such as spheres (crystal balls), gemstones, polished crystals, obelisks, pyramids, skulls, massage tools, etc.
    Rock crystal is said to stimulate mental clarity, emotional stability and to facilitate a meditative state. It is also said to stimulate positive thoughts and feelings, and to amplify psychic abilities.

    Rock crystal is said to help remove toxins from the body and to help treat disorders of the digestive system, kidneys and bladder. It also is said to be helpful in treating a number of other ailments
    including skin disorders, circulatory system and respiratory system disorders. Rock crystal is also said to help considerably in providing relief from pain, and to help in recovering from radiation exposure, and to strengthen the immune system.

    Smoky Quartz
    is said to alleviate stress and transform fear, anger and other negative emotions into positive energies, thus having a comforting and calming effect.
    It is also said to provide clarity of thought, improve intuition and enhance survival instincts, and to stimulate higher awareness in meditative states.

    Smoky quartz is said to increase fertility, to help remove toxins from the body, and to aid the proper functioning of the kidneys, adrenals, pancreas and sex organs.

    Elestial quartz
    is said to be especially useful in healing emotional problems, providing balance between heart and mind.
    Elestial quartz is also said to impart wisdom and to enhance insight, and to be an excellent transformational tool helping one to understand and adjust to change.
    It is also said to be of significant assistance during meditation.

    Rutilated quartz
    is believed to slow down the aging process and to help strengthen the immune system. It is also said to be a strong healer and to be helpful in recovering from radiation exposure.
    Rutile is said to intensify the metaphysical properties of quartz crystal.
    Rutilated quartz is also said to enhance one's understanding in difficult situations, thus facilitating timely and appropriate solutions.
    It is also said to relieve depression and loneliness, and to help provide new direction and enhance creativity.

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