• WHITE HEART BEADS


    are beads made of two layers of glass, the inside layer is white glass, and the outside usually red, pink, orange, and turquoise. These beads are not heart shaped!
    Most white hears are antique.

    Rare original colors included true lavenders and purples.


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  • WIRE


    is a is a single, usually cylindrical, elongated strand of metal.
    In jewellery making, wire is often used as a finding - to connect parts, to attach to beads, to solder on plate metal, to twist and wrap around stones, usually as a featured part of the final design.
    Metals and alloys used for wire making are chosen for their divergent properties, depending upon the use to which the wire is to be put.Wire comes in a myriad of metals and thicknesses.

    The size of a wire is the measure of its diameter.

    For convenience, the different wires are numbered in order of decreasing size, the number being known as the gauge, or gage; the higher the gauge the smaller the diameter, the thinner the wire.

    The number of gauges used and their sizes differ according to the kind of wire and the country's standards of measurement.

    Wire has been used since the 3d millennium B.C.

    With the establishment of telegraph lines in the late 1800s, the production of wire expanded into one of the greatest industries of the 19th century.

    Today wire forms the raw material of many important manufactures and it has many uses.


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  • WOUND GLASS


    is glass formed by the ancient technique of winding molten glass around a metal wire.
    There are two basic methods to wound glass:
    1.
    - a furnace is used to dip rod directly into the molten glass.
    See furnace glass

    2.
    - the glass is lamp-wound. A solid rod of glass, perhaps 1/8 inch in diameter, is heated and carefully wound on a steel rod that has been previously coated with a separator, so the bead can be removed at the end.
    The Italians unlike the rest of the world wind their lamp glass on copper wire, and etch the wire out at the end. The hole is smaller and there is not white residue in the hole.

    See lampworking

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